IS 694 / 1554 / 11892

Abstract of IS 694

1)    Cable Sheath (Up to 1.1KV)

  • The color of the sheath shall be black or any other color as agreed to between the purchaser and the supplier.
  • For weatherproof cables, the color of sheath shall be black only.
  • The difference between maximum and minimum measured values of overall diameter of sheathed circular cables shall not exceed 15 percent of the maximum measured value at the same cross-section.

2)    Cable Construction (Up to 1.1KV)

  • Copper Cable up to 6mm2 =Solid/Stranded ,
  • Copper Cable up to 10mm2 =Solid/Stranded                         
  • Copper Cable above 6mm2 =Stranded ,
  • Copper Cable above 10mm2 =Stranded

3)    Cable-Testing (Up to 1.1KV)

  • The core(s) shall be carefully removed from a sample approximately 3 m long from the finished cable. They shall be so immersed in a water-bath at 60±3ºC that their ends protrude at least 200 mm above the water-level. After 24 hours, a voltage of 3 kV (rms) shall be applied between conductors and water. This voltage shall be raised to 6 kV (rms) within 10 seconds and held constant at this value for 5 minutes. If the sample fails in this test, one more sample shall be subjected to this test, which should pass.
  • The cores which have passed the preliminary test given in 16.2.1 shall be subsequently tested with a dc voltage of 1.2 kV in the same water-bath at the same temperature. The conductors shall be connected to the negative pole and water to the positive pole of dc supply by means of a copper electrode.
  • The core shall withstand this dc voltage test for 240 hours without breakdown.
  • The voltage shall be applied continuously, but if there are any unavoidable interruptions during the 4 hours period, that period shall be increased by the time of interruptions. The total of such interruptions shall not exceed 1 hour otherwise the test shall be started again.
  • The cables and cords shall withstand without breakdown an ac voltage of 3 kV (rms) or a dc voltage of 7.2 kV applied for a period of 5 min for each test connection
  • Single-core cables shall be immersed in water at ambient temperature one hour before the testing and the test voltage shall be applied between conductor and water for the specified period.

Abstract of IS 1554

1)    Insulation Color (up to 11 KV)

  • For reduced neutral conductors, the insulation color shall be black.

2)    Arrangement of Marking (up to 11 KV)

  • For cables having more than 5 cores, the core identification may be done by numbers. In that case, the insulation of cores shall be of the same color and numbered sequentially, starting with number 1 for the inner layer. The numbers shall be printed in Hindu-Arabic numerals on the outer surface of the cores. All the numbers shall be of the same color which shall contrast with the color of the insulation. The numerals shall be legible.
  • When the number is a single numeral, a dash shall be placed underneath it. If the number consists of two numerals, these shall be disposed one below the other and a dash placed below the lower numeral. The spacing between consecutive numbers shall not exceed 50 mm.

3)    Type of Armor(up to 11 KV)

  • Where the calculated diameter below armoring does not exceed 13 mm, the armor shall consist of galvanized round steel wires. Where the calculated
    diameter below armoring is greater than 13 mm, the armor shall consist of either galvanized round steel wires or galvanized steel strips.

4)    Cable Identification/ Marking (up to 11 KV)

  • Type of Cable Legend: (i) Improved fire performance or Category C1 FR ( Cables in constrained areas, Does not propagate fire even when installed in groups in vertical ducts),(ii) Improved fire performance for Category C2 FR—LSH (Cables in constrained areas with limited human activity and/or presence of  sophisticated systems)
  • Aluminum conductor= A,PVC insulation=Y, Steel round wire armor= W, Steel strip armor= F, Steel double round wire armor= WW, Steel double strip armor =FF,PVC outer sheath= Y.

Abstract of IS 11892

1)    Max external Diameter of cable

  • Maximum external Diameter of Cable is (dc) = kc X d
  •  where d= Nominal dis of conductor standards. Kc=1 for solid cable. For stranded cable kc=3 (up to 7 stranded).More than 7 stranded kc=1.16 X sq.root(n1),n1=Number of stranded

28 Responses to IS 694 / 1554 / 11892

  1. Kanwal Jit Singh says:

    Dear Mr. Parmar

    Good information. Thank you.
    I wanted to know if there are regulatory requirements in India that mandate the implementation of the requirements of this Standard IS 3043 for electrical devices that are sold in the country

  2. LAJI RAGHAVAN says:

    Dear Jignesh,


  3. Shriniwas M. Mujumdar says:

    It has been mentioned above as “Earthing of lighting protection should not mix with power system earthing.” But in the Fig. 22 of IS 3043 the earthing connections of Lightening Arrestors are connected with separate earth pit as well as common power system earthing. This practice is also adopted by most of the utilities in India.

    • Ashok Kumar Garg says:

      in IS3043 LA earthing is connected with the common earthing system at page 44 because it is Grid eaeting which is designed to keep step potential & touch potential in safe limits . in case of lightening the current will be divided into several paths.Hence will not be dangerous

  4. siva says:

    Sir, i need drawing of plate earthing & pipe earthing drawing as per standard with dimension

  5. Prafulla Kumar says:

    Thanks Jignesh for this wonderful write up! Can you please provide us with Diagrams! So as to make everything clear.

  6. Himanshu says:

    Plate Earthing Electrode

    ■For copper shall be 600X600X31mm ????????
    The thickness of copper plate should be 3.1 mm & not 31 mm.

  7. SHAMIM says:

    please specify the distance of earth pit from the SS bldg ………..Shamim

  8. SHAMIM says:

    thanks for your valuable information.I would like to donate.please guide me

  9. Varun tripathi says:

    Thank u sir, for ur best notes

  10. jignesh dudhaiya says:

    what work power transformers differencial relay ?

  11. Anand says:

    why copper multistand wires must follow the IS 694 Standard.

  12. Yash says:


  13. pavankumar says:

    please provide the information regarding fourth revision of PVC cables….as that revision limits the voltage upto 750 volts …why?

  14. MVSRAO says:

    Mr Jinesh. Your Blog is highly informative. Could you please tell us whether IS 694 mandatory license requried for Power cords used for many domestic appliances like mizies, digital cameras, electric shavers etc.,. Somebody mentioned to me that it is only applicable to Cables and not for powercord

  15. soumana Bhattacharjee says:

    Mr. Jignesh please provide the information about the standared cable chart which contains the current ratings(pvc insulated and XLPE insulated)?

  16. Chaitra says:

    3cx4 sqmm copper un armoured cable is really available in market.??

  17. Chaitra says:


    3Cx4 sqmm copper un armoured cable is really available in market.??

  18. nikunj parmar says:

    very useful data given by u.

  19. Sir please
    Tell us about sector shaped conductor
    How to calculate sector shaped conductor

  20. Prince says:

    What is the difference b/w PVC insulated industrial cable and house wire.
    Tax prospect???

  21. Bhagaban says:

    Dear Sir, I want to know maximum Permissible Voltage Drop Percentage of LV cables

  22. amit kumar pandey says:

    Dear Sir, How to calculate shape conductor width and height ?

  23. Asid says:

    Dear sir can we use NEC code for building engineering projects in india. If not so which code i should refer for electrical design.

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