Method for Installation of Cable Tray-(PART 1)

(1) Purpose:

This method explains the Procedures or sequence of activity for safely installation and Testing of cable tray, and it’s accessories as per the standard Practice and Code.

(2) General Equipment & Tools: . 

  • The equipment that will be engaged for Installation of Cable Tray will be
  • Tool Box with Screwdriver, Pliers, Spanner , Hammer
  • Drilling Machine with various Bits , Grinding & Cutting Machine
  • Electrical Tester , Continuity Tester ,Multi Meter
  • Cutter , Blower
  • Knockout punch and Flat File
  • Galvanizing paint
  • Marker, Measuring tape, Level gauge / Spirit level.
  • Ladder / Scaffolding / Mobile scaffold
  • Chain Block and Pipe Wrench
  • Portable Lights
  • Removable Barricades

(3) Storage & Material Handling: .

  • The storage area must be free from dust and Water leakages / seepages.
  • Manufacturer recommendation shall always be followed in loading/unloading and storing of Material.
  • Material and its accessories shall be unloaded handle with care in designated area of the Store (Do not directly drop to Ground) to avoid any damages.
  • Materials shall be stored in a dry place which is free from water or from weather effects and protection should be given to the material by means of covering the material with Tarpaulin sheet.
  • The Material will be stacked / unload in the site store on a proper stand on wooden loft on a flat surface at a sufficient height from Ground.
  • If Material are dispatch in packs or pallets, each pack or pallet shall be lifted individually with suitable lifting equipment.
  • The material shall be transported / Shifted in their original packing to Site location.
  • The Material should be visually inspected for damage, which may have occurred during transport.
  • When bringing down materials, they should be handled with care and lowered carefully to the ground. They should not be dropped.

  • To prevent damage to cable tray, never pull cable tray from a truck trailer by chaining to the bottom rung and dragging cable tray out of the trailer

  • If the Material is found defective it shall not be installed and the cable shall be returned to the supplier for replacement.
  • Cable Tray and its accessories (pre-galvanized, hot dipped galvanized) shall be stored in a dry place, fully enclosed / ventilated store.

(4) Inspection of Materials:

  • Check The Material according to its Type, Size, Make
  • Visual inspection:
  • Type of Cable Tray
  • Type of Cable Tray Material
  • Type of Cable Tray Coating
  • Standard width of Cable Tray
  • Standard length of Cable tray
  • Cable Tray thickness
  • Flange height of Cable Trays
  • Proper painting / Galvanization and identification numbers of the cable trays
  • Physical Damages Inspection:
  • Damage on trays and ladders
  • Damage on galvanizing
  • Fittings and accessories are of proprietary type
  • Testing of galvanizing:
  • Uniformity of coating Thickness Test
  • Electrical continuity of connection
  • TRs not more than five year old from date of purchase order shall be reviewed for acceptance. Otherwise test shall be carried out.

BS EN ISO 1461

Table-1 Control Sample Size Related to Lot Size

Number of Lot

Min. Sample

1 To 3

All

4 To 500

3

501 To 1200

5

1021 To 3200

8

3201 To 10000

13

>10000

20

Inspection Lot: Single Order or Single Delivery Order

 

ISO 1461:2009 TABLE-3

Minimum coating thickness and mass on samples that are not centrifuged

Article and its thickness

Local coating thickness (minimum)µm

Local coating
mass
(minimum)g/m2

Mean coating thickness (minimum)µm

Mean coating
mass
(minimum)g/m2

Steel > 6 mm

70

505

85

610

Steel > 3 mm to < 6 mm

55

395

70

505

Steel > 1.5 mm to < 3 mm

45

325

55

395

Steel < 1.5 mm

35

250

45

325

Casting > 6 mm

70

505

80

575

Castings < 6 mm

60

430

70

505

NOTE This table is for general use: individual product standards may include different requirements including different categories of thickness. Local coating mass and mean coating mass requirements are set out in this table for reference in such cases of dispute.

(5) Sequence of Cable Tray Installation Works:

(A) Installation of Cable Tray:

(i) Shifting of Cable Tray on Site

  • Cable Tray shall be carefully unloaded or shifted to the site by using Crane/Hydra or by sufficient manpower and moved to a defined installation location.
  • Remove the packing and ensure that the Cable Tray is free from transportation damages
  • Check and ensure that approved drawings, the correct size and type of cable trays, trunking & accessories are ready for installation.
  • Ensure that cable trays/trunking and accessories received from site store for the installation are free of rusty parts and damages.

 (ii) Marking the Route:

  • Mark the route of Cable Tray and Trunking as per approved drawings with marking threads. The route of Cable Tray and Trunking need to be coordinated with other services and shall be confirmed by the Site Engineer.
  • Minimum space from the building structure and other services to be maintained (200 mm from the nearest point) to facilitate easy handling and maintenance of cables.
  • If Possible, Do not install Cable trays below water/sewage pipes.

(iii) Hanging Support:

  • The location of hangers and supports should be carefully marked as per the approved specifications and Drawings.
  • Required sizes of holes should be marked and drilled by using a drilling machine.
  • The threaded rod (M12 steel) or Specified rod should be fixed carefully into the anchor using clamping tools for a balance smooth twist. The threaded rod should be necessary thickness and length. Sizes should be as approved in the drawing. It should be done in such a way as to avoid damage to the threaded rod.
  • When thread is done, a washer should be inserted into it. The washer should also be the required size and of quality. It should be fixed properly and the nut fastened tight to ensure that the threaded rod is strong and able to bare load.
  • Trays and ladders shall be securely anchored to supports. They shall be secured such that the tray or ladder system will not move during cable installation.
  • Ensure that rod is properly vertical under operating conditions.
  • Tighten hanger load nut securely to ensure proper hanger performance. Tighten upper nut after adjustment
  • The distance between supports is called SPAN. The support span should not be greater than the length of the tray. This will prevent two connecting points from being located within one support span.
  • The support span should not be greater than the straight section length, or as recommended by the manufacturer, to ensure that no more than one splice is located between supports.

  • Cable Tray and Trunking joints are to be positioned as close to the supports as possible, not more than 300 mm from either side.
  • Splice joints fall between the support and the quarter point. When installing a 12-foot long section, for example, a support spacing of 3.7 m (12 foot) causes the splice joints to fall at the same position every time.

  • The maximum tray overhang past the last support should not exceed 600 mm (2 ft).
  • At every maximum of 1200 mm horizontally and 1500 vertically supports should be installed.
  • Horizontal cable trays and ladders shall be supported by either wall mounted support bracket or a hanger rod system. The intervals between supports shall be as recommended by the manufacturer but this shall not exceed 1 meter for wall mounted support brackets, and 2 meter for the hanger rod system.
  • The hanger, hanging support, cable tray bracket and the ladder should be trimmed to required size and galvanizing paint should be applied on the edges.
  • Group parallel runs of trunking should be supported together where it is possible.

  • For shaft cable trays and ladders that are vertical, all supports and fixings should be done as approved.
  • Do not cut or drill structural building members (e.g., I-beams) without approval by the Main contractor.
  • Warning: Do not use a cable tray as a walkway, ladder, or support for people; cable tray is a mechanical support system for cables and raceways. Using cable trays as walkways can cause personal injury and can damage cable tray and installed cables.
  • Horizon Fitting Support: NEMA Standard
  • Supports for horizontal fittings should be located at a distance, no greater than 610 mm (24″) from each end of the fitting on the attached ladder.
  • Fitting must also be supported at the radius center point on both sides of the fitting as per below:
  • At the midpoint (45°) of the arc for a 90° elbow.
  • At the midpoint (30°) of the arc for a 60° elbow.
  • At the midpoint (22.5°) of the arc for a 45° elbow, excluded are 305 mm (12″) radius fittings.
  • At the midpoint (15°) of the arc for a 30° elbow, excluded are 305 mm (12″) radius fittings.

About Jignesh.Parmar (B.E,Mtech,MIE,FIE,CEng)
Jignesh Parmar has completed M.Tech (Power System Control), B.E(Electrical). He is member of Institution of Engineers (MIE) and CEng,India. Membership No:M-1473586.He has more than 16 years experience in Transmission -Distribution-Electrical Energy theft detection-Electrical Maintenance-Electrical Projects (Planning-Designing-Technical Review-coordination -Execution). He is Presently associate with one of the leading business group as a Deputy Manager at Ahmedabad,India. He has published numbers of Technical Articles in “Electrical Mirror”, “Electrical India”, “Lighting India”,”Smart Energy”, “Industrial Electrix”(Australian Power Publications) Magazines. He is Freelancer Programmer of Advance Excel and design useful Excel base Electrical Programs as per IS, NEC, IEC,IEEE codes. He is Technical Blogger and Familiar with English, Hindi, Gujarati, French languages. He wants to Share his experience & Knowledge and help technical enthusiasts to find suitable solutions and updating themselves on various Engineering Topics.

4 Responses to Method for Installation of Cable Tray-(PART 1)

  1. Monik Sapariya says:

    Respected sir

    Kindly share formation on method or standard for lighting arrestor (how to calculate size of lighting arrestor, area covered by lighting arrestor, wher lighting arrestor to be placed etc.)

    Thank you

    On Fri, 12 Mar 2021, 22:42 Electrical Notes & Articles, wrote:

    > Jignesh.Parmar (B.E,Mtech,MIE,FIE,CEng) posted: “(1) Purpose: This method > explains the Procedures or sequence of activity for safely installation and > Testing of cable tray, and it’s accessories as per the standard Practice > and Code. (2) General Equipment & Tools: . The equipment that will be > engag” >

  2. Sadique says:

    Sir,

    Why we will carry Continuity tester and Multi meter for installation of cable trays.

  3. Muhammad Mohsin Ansari says:

    Thanks…..@ Jignesh.Parmar

  4. Ketan Shah says:

    Dear Mr Jignesh – I always find your Posts very helpful in adding my knowledge in the subject.

    In Type of Cable Trays & Installation Details – Material List – FRP/GRP Trays seems missing.
    Do share your views on the same.
    Also, suggest to cover Topics related to GRP Lighting Poles and GRP Utility Poles for Transmission & Distribution Lines – for the benefit of all your readers to know your expertise as seen in all other Posts.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

<span>%d</span> bloggers like this: