# Calculate Size of Cable for Motor (As NEC)

## NEC Code 430.22 (Size of Cable for Single Motor):

• Size of Cable for Branch circuit which has Single Motor connection is 125% of Motor Full Load Current Capacity.
• Example: what is the minimum rating in amperes for Cables supplying 1 No of 5 hp, 415-volt, 3-phase motor at 0.8 Power Factor. Full-load currents for 5 hp = 7Amp.
• Min Capacity of Cable= (7X125%) =8.75 Amp.

## NEC Code 430.6(A) (Size of Cable for Group of Motors or Elect. Load).

• Cables or Feeder which is supplying more than one motors other load(s), shall have an ampacity not less than 125 % of the full-load current rating of the highest rated motor plus the sum of the full-load current ratings of all the other motors in the group, as determined by 430.6(A).
• For Calculating minimum Ampere Capacity of Main feeder and Cable is 125% of Highest Full Load Current + Sum of Full Load Current of remaining Motors.
• Example:what is the minimum rating in amperes for Cables supplying 1 No of 5 hp, 415-volt, 3-phase motor at 0.8 Power Factor, 1 No of 10 hp, 415-volt, 3-phase motor at 0.8 Power Factor, 1 No of 15 hp, 415-volt, 3-phase motor at 0.8 Power Factor and 1 No of 5hp, 230-volt, single-phase motor at 0.8 Power Factor?
• Full-load currents for 5 hp = 7Amp.
• Full-load currents for 10 hp = 13Amp.
• Full-load currents for 15 hp = 19Amp.
• Full-load currents for 10 hp (1 Ph) = 21Amp.
• Here Capacity wise Large Motor is 15 Hp but Highest Full Load current is 21Amp of 5hp Single Phase Motor so 125% of Highest Full Load current is 21X125%=26.25Amp
• Min Capacity of Cable= (26.25+7+13+19) =65.25 Amp.

## NEC Code 430.24 (Size of Cable for Group of Motors or Electrical Load).

• As specified in 430.24, conductors supplying two or more motors must have an ampacity not less than 125 % of the full-load current rating of the highest rated motor +  the sum of the full-load current ratings of all the other motors in the group or on the same phase.
•  It may not be necessary to include all the motors into the calculation. It is permissible to balance the motors as evenly as possible between phases before performing motor-load calculations.
• Example:what is the minimum rating in amperes for conductors supplying 1No of 10 hp, 415-volt, 3-phase motor at 0.8 P.F and 3 No of 3 hp, 230-volt, single-phase motors at 0.8 P.F.
• The full-load current for a 10 hp, 415-volt, 3-phase motor is 13 amperes.
• The Full-load current for single-phase 3 hp motors is 12 amperes.
• Here for Load Balancing one Single Phase Motor is connected on R Phase Second in B Phase and third is in Y Phase.Because the motors are balanced between phases, the full-load current on each phase is 25 amperes (13 + 12 = 25).
• Here multiply 13 amperes by 125 %=(13 × 125% = 16.25 Amp). Add to this value the full-load currents of the other motor on the same phase (16.25 + 12 = 28.25 Amp).
• The minimum rating in amperes for conductors supplying these motors is 28 amperes.

## NEC 430/32 Size of Overload Protection for Motor:

• Overload protection (Heater or Thermal cut out protection) would be a device that thermally protects a given motor from damage due to heat when loaded too heavy with work.
• All continuous duty motors rated more than 1HP must have some type of an approved overload device.
• An overload shall be installed on each conductor that controls the running of the motor rated more than one horsepower. NEC 430/37 plus the grounded leg of a three phase grounded system must contain an overload also. This Grounded leg of a three phase system is the only time you may install an overload or over – current device on a grounded conductor that is supplying a motor.
• To Find the motor running overload protection size that is required, you must multiply the F.L.C. (full load current) with the minimum or the maximum percentage ratings as follows;

• Maximum overload = F.L.C. (full load current of a motor) X allowable % of the maximum setting of an overload,
• 130% for motors, found in NEC Article 430/34.
• Increase of 5% allowed if the marked temperature rise is not over 40 degrees or the marked service factor is not less than 1.15.

• Minimum Overload = F.L.C. (full load current of a motor) X allowable % of the minimum setting of an overload,
• 115% for motors found in NEC Article 430/32/B/1.
• Increase of 10% allowed to 125% if the marked temperature rise is not over 40 degrees or the marked service factor is not less than 1.15

Jignesh Parmar has completed M.Tech (Power System Control), B.E(Electrical). He is member of Institution of Engineers (MIE) and CEng,India. Membership No:M-1473586.He has more than 16 years experience in Transmission -Distribution-Electrical Energy theft detection-Electrical Maintenance-Electrical Projects (Planning-Designing-Technical Review-coordination -Execution). He is Presently associate with one of the leading business group as a Deputy Manager at Ahmedabad,India. He has published numbers of Technical Articles in “Electrical Mirror”, “Electrical India”, “Lighting India”,”Smart Energy”, “Industrial Electrix”(Australian Power Publications) Magazines. He is Freelancer Programmer of Advance Excel and design useful Excel base Electrical Programs as per IS, NEC, IEC,IEEE codes. He is Technical Blogger and Familiar with English, Hindi, Gujarati, French languages. He wants to Share his experience & Knowledge and help technical enthusiasts to find suitable solutions and updating themselves on various Engineering Topics.

### 6 Responses to Calculate Size of Cable for Motor (As NEC)

1. Vase Dileep says:

Very Good Sir.. Glad to take that

On Thu 1 Aug, 2019, 8:20 AM Electrical Notes & Articles, wrote:

> Jignesh.Parmar posted: “NEC Code 430.22 (Size of Cable for Single Motor): > Size of Cable for Branch circuit which has Single Motor connection is 125% > of Motor Full Load Current Capacity. Example: what is the minimum rating in > amperes for Cables supplying 1 No of 5 hp, 415-volt” >

2. Pankaj says:

Thanks sir.
Sir what will be the size of HT cable for distribution transformers. On what factors we select the cable.is it full load current or short circuit current rating. Please suggest.
And some details on electronic meters.

Thanks………… @Jignesh.Parmar

Dear sir With this email I would like to inform you . Humble request to you any Hr profile or official project provide me. Your Good friend Surya Mani Yadav…..

On Thu 1 Aug, 2019, 8:19 AM Electrical Notes & Articles, wrote:

> Jignesh.Parmar posted: “NEC Code 430.22 (Size of Cable for Single Motor): > Size of Cable for Branch circuit which has Single Motor connection is 125% > of Motor Full Load Current Capacity. Example: what is the minimum rating in > amperes for Cables supplying 1 No of 5 hp, 415-volt” >

5. BYJU V CHANDRAN says:

Hi! We got a requirement with consistency factor 1.5. Kindly share your experience as to what may be a consistency factor since same is not available in Internet. Thanks ain advance!

6. Partha Sarathi Das says:

Thanks for sharing the calculation. It will definitely help.
It would be better if you could kindly provide the reference of such calculations.
Thanks

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