Calculate No of Lighting Fixtures / Lumen for Indoor Lighting
April 8, 2014 51 Comments
 An office area is 20meter (Length) x 10meter (width) x 3 Meter (height). The ceiling to desk height is 2 meters. The area is to be illuminated to a general level of 250 lux using twin lamp 32 watt CFL luminaires with a SHR of 1.25. Each lamp has an initial output (Efficiency) of 85 lumen per watt. The lamps Maintenance Factor (MF) is 0.63 ,Utilization Factor is 0.69 and space height ratio (SHR) is 1.25
Calculation:
Calculate Total Wattage of Fixtures:
 Total Wattage of Fixtures= No of Lamps X each Lamp’s Watt.
 Total Wattage of Fixtures=2×32=64Watt.
Calculate Lumen per Fixtures:
 Lumen per Fixtures = Lumen Efficiency(Lumen per Watt) x each Fixture’s Watt
 Lumen per Fixtures= 85 x 64 = 5440Lumen
Calculate No’s of Fixtures:
 Required No of Fixtures = Required Lux x Room Area / MFxUFx Lumen per Fixture
 Required No of Fixtures =(250x20x10) / (0.63×0.69×5440)

Required No of Fixtures =21 No’s
Calculate Minimum Spacing Between each Fixture:
 The ceiling to desk height is 2 meters and Space height Ratio is 1.25 so
 Maximum spacing between Fixtures =2×1.25=2.25meter.
Calculate No of Row Fixture’s Row Required along with width of Room:
 Number of Row required = width of Room / Max. Spacing= 10/2.25
 Number of Row required=4.
Calculate No of Fixture’s required in each Row:
 Number of Fixture Required in each Row = Total Fixtures / No of Row = 21/4
 Number of Fixture Required in each Row = 5 No’s:
Calculate Axial Spacing between each Fixture:
 Axial Spacing between Fixtures = Length of Room / Number of Fixture in each Row
 Axial Spacing between Fixtures =20 / 5 = 4 Meter
Calculate Transverse Spacing between each Fixture:
 Transverse Spacing between Fixtures = width of Room / Number of Fixture’s row
 Transverse Spacing between Fixtures = 10 / 4 = 2.5 Meter.
Conclusion:
 No of Row for Lighting Fixture’s= 4 No
 No of Lighting Fixtures in each Row= 5 No
 Axial Spacing between Fixtures= 4.0 Meter
 Transverse Spacing between Fixtures= 2.5 Meter
 Required No of Fixtures =21 No’s
Jignesh Parmar your doing awesome work and great help to us thank you sir
Thanks for your great work ,,,,,,, best regards
Thanks for the blog.
These blog are very helpful for us.
I Rizvi as an Electrical Engineer say that You are doing a great work for a manking.Sharing Knowledge is the world happiest thing to do.
gracias colega…exitos…
Found very correct . This is a thumb rule type of design – and it is the best approach for the electrical engineers like us . A really thankful Job . Here I want to request you to discuss the importance of Polar Curves of verious lamps for illumination design if possible . Thanks .
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great work. concise and useful.
thanks for useful article, and sir please load standard lux level chart and please explain lumen per watt, U.F, M.F AND SHR
Thanking you,
Helping a lot with ur kno wledge
jignesh paramer ,your material is very useful to me ,plz suggest me design courses for electrical.I want to builtup career in design.
Could you explain how did you take “total fixtures=21”
For your Reference:
Calculate No of Fixture’s required in each Row:
Number of Fixture Required in each Row = Total Fixtures / No of Row = 21/4
Number of Fixture Required in each Row = 5 No’s:
Calculate No’s of Fixtures:
Required No of Fixtures = Required Lux x Room Area / MFxUFx Lumen per Fixture
Required No of Fixtures =(250x20x10) / (0.63×0.69×5440)
Required No of Fixtures =21 No’s
Sir,
How will differ the lux level and No. of fixture based on height? Please explain in details
Thank You very much for your very important post. Could you tell me why 2 m height is not considered in evaluating the number of lights? So far I know, lumen and lux relationship calculation is based on 1m distant. So if it is 2 m, then why number of lights were not 2*21=42?
Thanks and regards//Rahat Rubaiyat Islam
Can u please refer me the book where i can completely know about lighting design both indoor and outdoor, kindly help me in this matter
excelent work sir, could u plz explain how to chose lux value for a room.
Thanks for sending me interesting topics even to Afghanistan.
Great and useful work
Dear Sir
I need one clarification from you …..Here i am giving Factory size in mt(35M width *110Mtr Length)and Our required lux level (300Lux).light requirements for 1*400W metal halide fitting.Our buliding ht is 14.0Mtr.Cealing type made by Sheet. How many fittings required.Then how to calculate detailed formula required sir.
Assuming Metal Halide Lumens/watt = 80 Lumens/watt.
Calculate Lumen per Fixtures:
Lumen per Fixtures = Lumen Efficiency(Lumen per Watt) x each Fixture’s Watt
Lumens for 1*400 W MH fitting = 400 * 80 = 32000 Lumens.
Calculate No’s of Fixtures:
Required No of Fixtures = Required Lux x Room Area / MFxUFx Lumen per Fixture
Required No of Fixtures =(35x110x300) / (32000)
Required No of Fixtures =36 No’s
thank you sir for your knowledge sharing
Let me know how to calculate lamp maintenance factor and utilization factor
can i use room area for Sq. feet
is the SHR always given to be 1.25 if not how do i find it?
can 110 W CFL provide proper illumination in 10 mtrs street lighting pole
Plz . tell us how to calculate Space height Ratio , or 1.25 is fix .
need to consider the LOR? the actual lumens is lower then. please advise. thanks
so how coms required no. of fixtures is 21 an i only c 20 fixtures there..
kindly elaborate how to calculate required nos. of tube light fixtures for industry based on required Lux level.
dear friend…
i am a electrical engineer now i am working as a electrical site engineer in steel plant industry ..please teach me the hole calculation of electrical in industrial and commercial lighting and power and transformer rating…….because hear nobody teach me…
What’s the MF and CU consideration for other types of lightings?
Dear Mr Jignesh, thanks for a splendid calculation chart which is very helpful for people like me. Since i do not find the input for mounting height of the luminaire, can you please explain me how the your calculation works so that it will give a better understanding of lighting design to me. Also may i request you to throw some light what happens if the fixture has some optics / particular beam angle for high ceiling factory applications and with COB LEDs as light source.
Your suggestion and guidance will be highly appreciated. – Thanks Murali
Dear Mr. Jignesh thank you very much for such a good illustration. Its give us clear concept.
Thanks
Silas Kahmei
Respected JigneshParmar sir i have a doubt we hav to design lighting systems for a commercial building in aroom such that each room have (625 SQ FT). so sir could u explain the calculation sir
sir i have a doubt regarding the uf and mf calculations for led lights regarding the commercial buildings regarding the mall
Thanks your advice. I can learn by using your idea.
very interesting
very good info
how many led’s required for ceiling a hall of 6000squre feet in area
Thanks for creating blog
what is UF and MF
Mr. Jignesh, what if the height of the room varies?
An factory has a shed of 180 meter length 22 meter width and 13 meter height . They want 80w high bay LED light . How many light are installed and how much distance of installation one to another ?
Hi Sir,
which condition do we need to account for LOR ( lighting output ratio).
And how can i find SHR value?
Hi Sir,
which condition do we need to account for LOR(LIghting Output Ratio) in?
And how can i find SHR value? is it constant number?
i am hoping answering back.
Dear Sir,
Thank you for you tutorial on number of fixture and space required between them calculation,but i am facing some difficulties on understanding of SHR=1.25, MF, UF and lumen values so is this values are fixed or from where are we going to find these values.thank you
I have been looking for a detailed catalogue on UTILIZATION factors of various lighting fixtures. You may be having an answer to this. Kindly help. Thank you very much.
If we are calculating light fittings for showroom…then hw to calculate maximum spacing required between each light fixture..
Gr8 work and your contribution to electrical sector.
could you guide me about generally use utilization factor for LED lights
how we know the space to height ratio, MF & UF?