# Delta-Delta Connection of Transformer

## (2)  Delta-Delta Connection:

• In this type of connection, both the three phase primary and secondary windings are connected in delta as shown in the Fig.

•  The voltages on primary and secondary sides can be shown on the phasor diagram.

• This connection proves to be economical for large low voltage transformers as it increases number of turns per phase.

## Key point:

• Primary Side Line Voltage = Secondary Side Line Voltage.
• Primary Side Phase Voltage= Secondary Side Phase Voltage.
• No phase shift between primary and secondary voltages

• Sinusoidal Voltage at Secondary: In order to get secondary voltage as sinusoidal, the magnetizing current of transformer must contain a third harmonic component. The delta connection provides a closed path for circulation of third harmonic component of current. The flux remains sinusoidal which results in sinusoidal voltages.
• Suitable for Unbalanced Load: Even if the load is unbalanced the three phase voltages remains constant. Thus it suitable for unbalanced loading also.
• Carry 58% Load if One Transfer is Faulty in Transformer Bank: If there is bank of single phase transformers connected in delta-delta fashion and if one of the transformers is disabled then the supply can be continued with remaining tow transformers of course with reduced efficiency.
• No Distortion in Secondary Voltage: there is no any phase displacement between primary and secondary voltages. There is no distortion of flux as the third harmonic component of magnetizing current can flow in the delta connected primary windings without flowing in the line wires .there is no distortion in the secondary voltages.
• Economical for Low Voltage: Due to delta connection, phase voltage is same as line voltage hence winding have more number of turns. But phase current is (1/√3) times the line current. Hence the cross-section of the windings is very less. This makes the connection economical for low voltages transformers.
• Reduce Cross section of Conductor: The conductor is required of smaller Cross section as the phase current is 1/√3 times of the line current. It increases number of turns per phase and reduces the necessary cross sectional area of conductors thus insulation problem is not present.
• Absent of Third Harmonic Voltage:  Due to closed delta, third harmonic voltages are absent.
• The absence of star or neutral point proves to be advantageous in some cases.

• Due to the absence of neutral point it is not suitable for three phase four wire system.
• More insulation is required and the voltage appearing between windings and core will be equal to full line voltage in case of earth fault on one phase.

## Application:

• Suitable for large, low voltage transformers.
• This Type of Connection is normally uncommon but used in some industrial facilities to reduce impact of SLG faults on the primary system
• It is generally used in systems where it need to be carry large currents on low voltages and especially when continuity of service is to be maintained even though one of the phases develops fault.

Jignesh Parmar has completed M.Tech (Power System Control), B.E(Electrical). He is member of Institution of Engineers (MIE) and CEng,India. Membership No:M-1473586.He has more than 16 years experience in Transmission -Distribution-Electrical Energy theft detection-Electrical Maintenance-Electrical Projects (Planning-Designing-Technical Review-coordination -Execution). He is Presently associate with one of the leading business group as a Deputy Manager at Ahmedabad,India. He has published numbers of Technical Articles in “Electrical Mirror”, “Electrical India”, “Lighting India”,”Smart Energy”, “Industrial Electrix”(Australian Power Publications) Magazines. He is Freelancer Programmer of Advance Excel and design useful Excel base Electrical Programs as per IS, NEC, IEC,IEEE codes. He is Technical Blogger and Familiar with English, Hindi, Gujarati, French languages. He wants to Share his experience & Knowledge and help technical enthusiasts to find suitable solutions and updating themselves on various Engineering Topics.

### 8 Responses to Delta-Delta Connection of Transformer

2. dheeraj says:

what is ohms law please explain in hindi

3. Ashwini ojha says:

In case of both primary secondary both are solidly grounded of star star connection will induce secondary voltage remains sinusoidal?

4. patel arpit n says:

How testing delta delta transformer in routine test for conditions

5. Elmer Joseph Lintag says:

What possible fault would eminate from a delta-delta transformer if the Distribution line of this transformer is wye and the fault seen from this distribution line is an earth fault.

6. Ron says:

Thanks for your article disappointed with the questions from responders
P

7. anil says:

sir difference b/w emf and voltage?